Definition - Transcendental Meditation

Transcendental Meditation : The Transcendental Meditation technique, or TM technique is a form of mantra meditation introduced in India in 1955 by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi (1917-2008). It is reported to be the most widely researched and one of the most widely practiced meditation techniques. Taught in a standardized seven-step course by certified teachers, the technique involves the use of a sound or mantra and is practiced for 15–20 minutes twice per day, while sitting comfortably with closed eyes. (...) The Transcendental Meditation technique is taught in a standardized, seven-step course that consists of two introductory lectures, a personal interview, and four, two-hour instruction sessions given on consecutive days. The initial personal instruction session begins with a short puja ceremony performed by the teacher, after which the student is taught the technique.

Transcendental Meditation : A technique of meditation derived from Hindu traditions that promotes deep relaxation through the use of a mantra.
Transcendental Meditation : The Maharishi, whose original name was Mahesh Prasad Varma, earned a degree in physics before pursuing his spiritual calling. For 13 years he studied with the guru (teacher) Swami Brahmananda Saraswati, also known as Guru Dev, learning a type of meditation that Dev claimed to have discovered in Hindu holy books. In 1958 the Maharishi (he adopted the name in 1955) founded the Spiritual Regeneration Movement and began to spread the practice of transcendental meditation internationally. His movement was popularized in the 1960s when the Beatles and other celebrities began to meditate. Transcendental Meditation uses one of a variety of Sanskrit mantras, each of which is a short word or phrase that, repeated in the mind, helps the user still the activity of thought and find a deeper level of consciousness. Through this process, it is claimed, the practitioner finds deep relaxation, which leads to enhanced inner joy, vitality, and creativity. The theoretical perspective behind Transcendental Meditation, called the Science of Creative Intelligence, is based on Vedanta philosophy.

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